A Decade of POCSO: Developments, Challenges and Insights from Judicial Data

Uploaded: over 1 year ago; Last updated: over 1 year ago ; Date of Publication: 17-November-2022

All India

2012 - 2022


Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

This study assesses the implementation of the POCSO Act in the last 10 years by analysing case laws, policy interventions and case metadata collected from eCourts. Since the Special Courts set up under the POCSO Act perform a critical role in the achievement of the above purpose, this study is centred around data on POCSO courts scraped from eCourts.



On November 14, 2022, the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act completes a decade of being on the statute books in India. When enacted, the POCSO Act marked the culmination of years of campaigning for a dedicated domestic legislation on child sexual abuse. 10 years is a reasonable time period to analyse how this legislation has been functioning and how far it has achieved its stated objectives. This examination of POCSO is also an opportunity to reflect on what has worked and what needs to be improved in the criminal justice system’s response to child sexual abuse. To this end, the Justice, Access and Lowering Delays in India (JALDI) Initiative at Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy has collaborated with the Data Evidence for Justice Reform (DE JURE) program at the World Bank to study the role of the judiciary in the implementation of the POCSO Act in India.